A Diamond is the hardest substance known and is made of just one element: Carbon. Its structure makes it 58 times harder than anything in nature and can only be cut with another diamond. The name comes from the Greek word "adamas," which means “invincible” or “unbreakable.”
Diamonds are mostly thought of as colorless but they actually come in all colors and the deeper the color the rarer it is and the higher the price. From the color family the yellow-brown range are more common than Pink, Red, Green, Blue which are considered the rarest of all. Diamonds are a commodity and are collected by many for the rarity and value that they are.
Diamonds have been admired for centuries. Some historians estimate they were traded as early as 4 BC, historically, the diamond first became popular in India where the #Moghuls and Imperial Colony easily mined diamonds from deposits along three major rivers. By the 1400's, diamonds were becoming fashionable accessories for Europe’s elite. The first diamond engagement ring on record was given by Archduke Maximillian of Austria to Mary of Burgundy, in 1477.
Recent evidence supports the origin of the legendary 45.52 carat 'Blue Hope' diamond in India’s Golconda mining area and its sale to King Louis XIV of France (then known as the French Blue diamond) in 1668. In the early 1700's, as India’s diamond supplies began to decline, Brazil emerged as an important source. Diamonds were discovered when gold miners sifted through gravels on the banks of the Jequitinhonha River in Minas Gerais. Brazil dominated the diamond market for more than 150 years.
A diamond is the gift of choice for the 60th and 75th wedding anniversaries. And, of course, today the diamond engagement ring has become a near-universal symbol of love and marriage.
The Diamond was believed to have healing powers, and over the centuries, the diamond was thought to be an antidote to poison and provide protection against the plague. Some claim that it carries the benefit to those who have it on themselves for longevity, strength, beauty and happiness.