Modern, Ancient, Esoteric, and Folklore Beliefs:
The name sapphire is derived from the Latin word ““saphirus” and the Greek word “sapheiros,” both meaning blue.
The sapphire is a corundum, an aluminum oxide with a trigonal crystal structure, in the same family as the Ruby.
For centuries, the Sapphire has been referred to as the ultimate blue gemstone. Since Ancient times the sapphire has been seen as a symbol of the heavens, a guardian of innocence, a bestower of truth, a promoter of good health, and a preserver of chastity. It is believed to brings gifts of fulfillment, joy, prosperity, inner peace and beauty. Some wore it to ward off illness or as protection while traveling
Sapphire is found in many parts of the world, but the most prized Sapphires are from Myanmar(Burma), Kashmir and Sri Lanka. Sapphires with highly saturated violet-blue color and transparency are rare. The purer the blue of the Sapphire, the greater the price.
Sapphires are not only blue, they come in almost every color of the rainbow: pink, yellow, orange, peach, and violet colors. One of the most sought-after colored Sapphire is the rare and beautiful Padparadscha: a pink-orange corundum with a distinctive salmon color. These very rare stones are among the most coveted gems in the world.